September 15 is celebrated as the Engineers’ Day across the country. It is the birth anniversary of India’s pioneer engineer-administrator Dr Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. The day was observed by giving him tributes and remembering his contributions.
Dr Visvesvaraya was a great scholar, statesman and the Diwan of Mysore. He got the highest honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955. He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE) by King George V for his contributions. He is regarded as a pre-eminent engineer of India.
Engineering was introduced by the British in the mid-19th century. The initial object was to produce civil engineers who could assist the British in the development works. The Thomason College of Civil Engineering, Roorkee (now IIT Roorkee) was established in 1847.
A College of Engineering at Pune, from where M Visvesvaraya graduated in 1884, was started in 1854. Dr Visvesvaraya was the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara dam in Mysore as well as the chief designer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad.
He began his pioneering work as an Assistant Engineer in Public Works Department of Bombay Government in February, 1884. Visvesvaraya was involved in Pune suburban water supply project. He devised sluice gates at Lake Fife in Khadakvasala, Pune for which he took patent.
On social networking sites a vast majority of people, especially students remember him. This year will mark the 48th Engineers Day celebrations in India, held in commemoration of Visvesvaraya's 155th birth anniversary.