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World's First Urbanization, Found In Gujarat

Apparently Hit By Tsunami, Dholavira is a site of an ancient town of the Harappan period

Policy Pulse
Publish Date: Aug 30 2016 1:45PM | Updated Date: Aug 30 2016 1:45PM

World's First Urbanization, Found In Gujarat

Marine archaeologists claimed to have discovered the world's first ancient urban settlement, which could have been destroyed by a tsunami around 3,450 years ago. It was also known as the largest port-town of the Harappans.

 

Addressing a press conference in Panaji, National Institute of Oceanography Director SWA Naqvi said that the archaeological site of Dholavira in the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat was a well-planned urban settlement then.

 

"This is the oldest site known to the world which we believe was hit by a tsunami," he said. “A unique feature of Dholavira is the presence of a 14-18 meters thick wall. The site use to be an ancient metropolitan town of the Harappan period,” Naqvi added.

 

“The largest port-town of the Harappans was flourished around 5,000 years ago was the second largest Harappan site located within the present borders of India, comprises three parts including a castle, the middle town and lower town,” said the researcher.

 

"A unique feature of Dholavira is the presence of a 14-18 meters thick wall, apparently built as a protective measure against tsunamis," said Rajiv Nigam, a lead scientist at the National Institute Of Oceanography.