As Global Tuberculosis Report releases today, it estimates that Tuberculosis epidemic is way larger than what was anticipated earlier by the World Health Organization (WHO).
As per the report, the Indian Subcontinent is one of the six countries that accounted for 60 percent of new cases in 2015 however the report also claims that number of TB deaths and incidences rate continue to fall globally as well as in India.
The six countries were India, Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa.
In 2015, there were around 10.4 million new TB cases out of which 5.9 were among men, 3.5 million were among women and 1 million were among children.
Also, people who had TB along with HIV were counted to be 1.2 million.
The proportion of known HIV-positive TB patients on ART was above 90% in India, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia and Swaziland.
However, due to advancements in TB prevention, there has been a decline in rate of TB.
As per the report, the rate of decline in TB incidence remained at only 1.5% from 2014 to 2015 and stressed the need for it to accelerate to a 4 5% annual decline by 2020 to reach the first milestones of the End TB Strategy.
Talking particularly about India, the WHO report said that mortality rate of people with HIV and TB was 37 per thousand while presence of HIV and TB was 113 per thousand. Estimated TB incidence in India in 2015 in the age group of 0-14 years for both males and females was 255 per thousand.
According to WHO, as TB remains a serious problem across the region, it requires the fullest attention and strongest commitment of governments.