In a country like India, which is near equator and most of the states get plenty of sunlight that is the biggest source of Vitamin D, today 65 to 70 percent of people suffer from deficiency of Vitamin D.
Vitamin D is not a simple vitamin; it is a steroid hormone that impacts virtually every cell in the body. It is synthesized in the skin on exposure to sunshine and is needed to absorb calcium and for bone health.
It is very essential for human body because its deficiency does not only harm bones but it also causes severe effects to heart, brain and immune system in the body.
According to ‘The Times of India’, the study published in Osteoporosis International and British Journal of Dermatology, most of the Indians lack sufficient proportions of Vitamin D.
The study was undertaken on Indian children of age group 11 to 15. it was discovered that despite exposure to sun for 30 minutes every day for 30 days during summer and winter, it did not achieve the level of Vitamin D, which is considered to be adequate for sound bone health.
To bridge the gap, one needs to have Vitamin D enriched diet. The diet can include Cod liver oil, Mushrooms, Salmon, Sunflowers seeds with proper exposure to sunlight.