Broccoli vegetable is healthier than once thought proved the latest research. Already known for its super health benefits, scientists have found a way to boost the phenolic compounds in the broccoli, by identifying the genes which control it.
Phenolic compounds are beneficial to health because of their levels of flavonoids, which spread in the body via bloodstream. They are known for reducing inflammation and also lowering the risk of coronary heart disease, type II diabetes, asthma, and many other types of cancer.
As human body doesn't make flavonoids itself, these compounds must be consumed through diet with recommendations suggesting eating broccoli or other cruciferous vegetable every three or four days to reap the health benefits, with the vegetables also retain their health-promoting qualities even when cooked.
Researchers from the University of Illinois have found genes that control the accumulation of phenolic compounds in broccoli, an important discovery for breeding broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables such as kale and cabbage with mega-doses of phenolic compounds for extra health benefits.
"Phenolic compounds have good antioxidant activity, and there is increasing evidence that this antioxidant activity affects biochemical pathways affiliated with inflammation in mammals," explainsed the researcher and geneticist, Jack Juvik from the University of Illinois.