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Centre seeks report on groundwater depletion

Ongoing depletion in groundwater levels in Uttar Pradesh is assuming alarming proportions

Policy Pulse
Publish Date: Apr 9 2016 2:37PM | Updated Date: Apr 9 2016 2:39PM

Centre seeks report on groundwater depletion
Ongoing depletion in groundwater levels in Uttar Pradesh is assuming alarming proportions with foodgrain output likely to suffer in key hubs of Baghpat, Hathras, Jalaun and Jaunpur areas, official sources said in national capital.
 
Taking note of reports of decline in groundwater levels in several arts of Uttar Pradesh, the union agriculture ministry has now sought reports from the state government.
 
"There are reports about steep decline in water level in Baghpat, Ghaziabad, Varanasi, Meerut, Hathras, Mathura, Saharanpur, Banda, Jaunpur, Jalaun and Hamirpur. This signals that urgent steps need to be taken against unhindered exploitation of water resources and drying up of wetlands and ponds," an official in the agriculture ministry told IANS.
 
Centre is waiting for a report from the state government on the issue, he added.
 
The situation is turning bothersome as there is increase in water reduction by about 20-30 percent in some areas, the source said, adding that in some pockets the decline is even higher.
 
Officials in the ministry point out haphazard growth pattern and non-replenishment of water bodies as the major reasons for the fast decline in groundwater level.
 
Dry spell and decline in water level are not new in Uttar Pradesh, as in November 2015 the state government had declared 50 of the 75 districts drought-hit.
 
"The situation demands urgent corrective steps and the government will explore all avenues, including the need to recommend to the farmers that pulses and vegetables should replace paddy cultivation as an experiment, at least in some areas," the official said.
 
Even at the national level, the water situation looks grave, as according to the Central Water Commission as many as 91 major reservoirs nationwide have recorded "the lowest in a decade" water levels.
 
Fear of drought or drought-like situations prevail in many parts of the country including Maharashtra, Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, parts of Odisha, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.