The Centre has asked the state government to enhance production of pulses to balance the demand and supply and cost control of the pulses in India.
Official sources say pulses in the state are grown in about 2 million hectares with productivity of 508 kg/hectare - far below the national average of 744 kg/hectares in 2014-15.
The state requires around 12 lakh tonnes of pulses annually while it produced only 9.42 lakh tonnes in 2015-16, creating a deficit of 21.8%
Many states, including Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, are ahead of Odisha in terms of pulse production.
State agriculture department said it has set a target to enhance the pulses production up to 13 lakh metric tonne by 2018-19 by taking up pulses cultivation in rice fallow areas and following methods like crop diversification, inter-cropping and mixed cropping.
"Biotic and abiotic constrains, crop loss due to pest attack, lack of quality seeds, bio-fertilizers and irrigation facilities are some of the key constraints in pulses production in many states," said agriculture secretary Manoj Ahuja.
Union agriculture secretary Shobhana Pattanayak emphasized increase in pulses production in the country. "India is the largest producer, consumer and importer of pulses in the world.”
“Many countries like Canada, Mozambique and Australia are looking forward to supply pulses to India but we have to be self-sufficient in production and reduce dependence on others," Pattanayak said.