If you and ask a grocer about the most expensive food item today, he will simply say all sort of pulses. With their prices in three digits, pulses have become the most expensive cereals of all times. Still, farmers who cultivate pulses remain to be on receiving ends.
According to a report published in ‘The Hindu’, while consumer pays thrice the amount what farmers get, only middlemen are the people who make money and not farmers.
Seeing higher demand of pulses and higher prices of the same, farmers should get good monetary returns from them but there are several reasons why they don’t get enough money, the report said.
Firstly, if they sow urad seeds a few days before paddy crops are harvested, mechanical harvesters destroy the seedlings or chop off the top of tender plants.
As urad happens to be the second most expensive dal after arhar, farmers want to take up its cultivation but farm labour is tough to find and many of the farmers share mechanical harvesters. In such a situation, only those who have pumpsets prefer to take up urad cultivation under irrigated conditions.
In India, around 85 per cent of Indian farmers are small farmers, who cannot afford pumpsets.
Apart from such problems, there is also a lack of storage facilities. Farmers do not have enough storage facilities due to which, they have to sell perishable food items at lower prices and make loses. If they get enough storage facilities, they can sell the items when price rises.