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Temperature rise is not a new situation. We see rise in temperatures almost every year. Every time, the running year comes out to be hotter than the previous one.
Amid this, a new study has come that says that the temperature of Madhya Pradesh rise by 1 to 1.5 degrees by 2045.
This will consequently increase droughts that will further affect agriculture.
According to PTI, the study of indicators, impacts and adaption is done jointly by faculty members Veemal Mishra of IIT-Gandhinagar and Amit Garg of IIM- Ahemdabad.
According to the study, there will be ‘enormous’, ‘extreme’ and ‘exceptional’ droughts.
"Increased warming under the projected future climate may lead to more frequent, severe, and wide-spread droughts during the monsoons season. The frequency of hot days, hot nights, and heat waves is projected to increase in the state," it says.
According to Amit, the rise in temperature exceeds the target set by 194 counties including Paris. The agreement between the countries was to keep global temperature rise below 2 degree Celsius by the end of the century. It serves as a cause of concern for all the economists.
In India, this rise will directly affect Madhya Pradesh and if the state wants to avoid it, it will have to take major steps.
"We can conduct similar study for other states as well. While projected changes under the future climate may vary from one state to another, warming as observed on large scale is prominent and could lead to increased frequency of heat waves, hot days and hot nights in future," said Mishra.
Due to this, the crop production and agriculture will be affected. Madhya Pradesh is famous for its crops like wheat, soybean, gram, sugarcane, rice, maize, cotton, rapeseed, mustard etc.
Also, the study said that India would require over $1 trillion in the next 15 years adapting to the adverse impacts of the climate change.